The National cookstoves programme in Mongolia offers promising results :
Robert van der Plas, director of MARGE, just came back from a trip to Mongolia where he is involved in a study to develop a national clean stoves strategy under the CSI (Clean Stove Initiative) programme financed by the World Bank and AusAid.
The study is based on the early results of the Municipality’s UBCAP project (Ulaanbaatar Clean Air Project) that aims to replace most polluting stoves in the densely populated urban areas of the capital with clean stoves in an effort to mitigate severe air pollution.
Although Ulaanbaatar still remains one of the most polluted cities on earth, the programme appears to bear fruit : some 125,000 low-emission heating stoves have been sold so far, which is some 70% of the number of households that could use this type of stove. Although a sustained effort is still required to ensure that people operate their stove correctly for optimum air quality improvements, ambient air quality measurements tentatively show that PM2.5 air pollution in the city has decreased by 30%. In one of the most polluted sections of town, PM10 was down in December 2013 by 50% compared to the same period in 2011.
Next winter we will learn more about how effective the stove replacement program is.